Choosing the right sunscreen is extremely important to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun. However, making the right choice can sometimes be difficult, as there is a wide variety of sunscreens on the market. We have prepared a comprehensive article to help you choose the most suitable sunscreen for your skin.
There are a few important factors to consider when choosing sunscreen, these are:
- -SPF LEVEL
- -UVA AND UVB PROTECTION
- -SKIN TYPE
SPF, which is a safety factor that shows how much the sunscreen blocks the burning effect of the sun’s rays, ensures that the damage to the skin against ultraviolet A and B is minimized.
The power of sunscreen to protect us against the redness reaction, which is the first effect of the sun, which is meant to be specified with SPF. In addition, being water resistant, containing antioxidants, it increases the protection process and rate by positively affecting it. Therefore, when purchasing sunscreen, you should definitely check its SPF content and content. It is recommended to be preferred (+90%) since SPF 30 and above have too much protection.
UVA AND UVB PROTECTION:
UVA rays are sun rays that reach the earth by passing directly through the ozone layer. It is necessary to use sunscreen in summer and winter to protect from UVA rays, as it has the ability to pass through clouds and glass and affect the lower layer of the skin. UVB rays, on the other hand, are highly filtered through the ozone layer. The effects of these rays, which cause tanning and burns in the first place by affecting the upper layer of the skin, are not long-lasting. These rays can go down to the lower layers of the skin. They cause premature aging of the skin and damage to the collagen structure and elasticity. Thus, wrinkles appear earlier. They disrupt the moisture balance of the skin, causing the formation of spots.
It is important to choose sunscreen considering your skin type. Products specially formulated for sensitive skin should be preferred. Oil-free and light formula products should be preferred for combination, oily or acne-prone skin. Individuals with atopy-prone, rosy-prone and rash-prone skin types should choose allergy-free sunscreens suitable for their skin type. Dehydrated skin can become more dry and irritated when exposed to the sun. It is important to choose sunscreens with moisturizing properties for these skin types. Products with intense moisturizing properties can help the skin maintain its moisture balance.
Hybrid sunscreen is a sunscreen product that contains both chemical preservatives and physical blocks. Thanks to this combination, it protects the skin from both UVA and UVB rays. While chemical preservatives absorb and render harmless UV rays on the skin, physical blocks block UV rays by reflecting them on the skin’s surface. This provides greater protection and reduces the risk of skin damage and cancer from exposure to the sun.
In order to prevent premature aging of the skin, its reaction and the possibility of skin cancer, you should definitely protect your skin from the sun, even if you are at home, regardless of summer or winter. For this, you should choose sunscreens with high SPF and PA value. You should apply sunscreens that you can only use on your face in winter, to the exposed parts of your body in spring and summer. Of course, you should not forget to refresh during the day. Since sunscreen does not mean that you are completely protected from sun damage, you should avoid being under the sun as much as possible, and minimize actions such as tanning and sunbathing.
Sunscreens are not sweat and water resistant, so they need to be reapplied frequently throughout the day. Renewing every 2-3 hours is considered ideal.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration